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  • Global Challenges

    Workshop: Facilitating integrity in the Judiciary – Bangalore Principles Guidelines for reform

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    Corruption is undermining justice in many parts of the world, denying the accused and victims the right to a fair and impartial trial and results in human rights abuses and impunity. As a logical consequence the importance of integrity in the Judiciary has been recognized internationally as an important ingredient in the fight against corruption and a tool of access to justice for everybody. It is now ten years ago that the Bangalore Principles have been developed by the Judicial Integrity Group (JIG), composed of present and former chief justices as well as senior judges from all over the world. Since then the JIG has been working relentlessly in providing guidance and designing standards to help countries in enhancing the integrity, accountability and transparency of their judiciaries, while upholding and strengthening judicial independence and impartiality.

    Despite these efforts facilitating integrity in the Judiciary requires careful steps in order to guarantee a sustainable development of an independent, transparent and accountable Judiciary. For several decades, judicial reform efforts in individual countries have been promoted and implemented, however, integrity based approaches to prevent corruption effectively from the very beginning are still not common.

    During the workshop different approaches on integrity based judicial reform projects will be discussed and commented by members of the JIG. Additionally the Bangalore Principles and latest products of the JIG will be presented and it will be shown that every reform process have to base on integrity as important pillar in the fight against corruption.

    Opening: Eduard Westreicher, Alternate Executive Director for Austria, Germany, Luxembourg, Turkey and the United Kingdom at the Asian Development Bank
    …will open the session – up to 5 minutes

    Moderation: Dr. Nihal Jayawickrama, coordinator of the JIG
    …will guide the session and give a brief overview on the JIG and the latest outcomes – up to 15 minutes

    Rapporteur: Anselme Sadiki, UNDP


    Prof. Dr. Komariah E. Sapardjaja, Judge of Supreme Court Indonesia and Professor of Law
    …will present lessons learned from a case study Indonesia –up to 10 minutes

    Horst Schoenbohm, Judge and development practitioner
    …will present lessons learned based on case studies from Latin American countries –up to 10 minutes

    Prof. Dr. Rudolf Mellinghoff, Judge of the High Constitutional Court Germany
    …will comment the case studies and compare it with integrity approaches in German Judiciary.

    Michael Kirby, Speaker of the JIG and Judge of the High Court of Australia (retd)
    …will present the Bangalore Principles and their potential as guideline for integrity based judicial reform processes and prove that it consist of much more than only code of conduct – up to 15 minutes

    Besarion Alavidze, Judge of the administrative chamber of Tbilisi Court of Appeal
    …will present lessons learned from a case study Georgia – up to 10 minutes


    A structured discussion on the implementation of integrity based judicial reform processes will be provided. Insight views and recommendations from practitioners mixed with international acknowledged tools will show the effectiveness or non-effectiveness of such approaches. A reality check on what has to be done and what is possible to achieve will help to identify next steps in the fight against corruption. The role of the judiciary will be clarified as important stake-holder in anti-corruption not only as guarantor for access to justice but also as model for integrity, which also will eencourage integrity based approaches in development cooperation and reform processes as a whole.

    Contact: workshop-coordinator

    Dr. Nihal Jayawickrama: moderator and first input
    Dr Nihal Jayawickrama practised law in Sri Lanka before serving as Attorney General and then Secretary for Justice. He was Vice-Chairman of the Sri Lanka Delegation to the UN General Assembly and a Member of the Permanent Court of Arbitration at The Hague. Professor of Law at the University of Hong Kong (1984-1997) and the Ariel F Sallows; Professor of Human Rights at the University of Saskatchewan, Canada (1992-1993), he was Executive Director of Transparency International in Berlin (1997-2000). He is the Co-ordinator of the Judicial Integrity Group. He chaired the Hong Kong Section of the International Commission of Jurists and the Commonwealth Human Rights Initiative, London.

    Eduard Westreicher: opening
    Mr. Eduard Westreicher works as Alternate Executive Director for Austria, Germany, Luxembourg, Turkey and the United Kingdom at the Asian Development Bank (ADB). Mr. Westreicher, who is from Germany, was Head of the division in charge of governance, democracy, and rule of law in the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) in Germany. Anticorruption as key issue of Good Governance has been developed in his unit.

    Judge Michael Kirby: second Input
    The honorable Judge Kirby served for 13 years on the High Court of Australia, the nation’s federal Supreme Court. When he retired as a judge, he was Australia’s longest serving judge. He participates in many international bodies, including as Rapporteur of the Judicial Integrity Group and member of the UNESCO International Bioethics Committee. He was also from 1993 till 1996 special Representative of the Secretary-General of the United Nations for Human Rights in Cambodia and won as Co-winner the Gruber Justice Prize (Washington USA) in 2010.

    Prof. Dr. Komariah E. Sapardjaja, SH: third input
    The Honorable Judge Komariah E. Sapardjaja has 3 years as Justice in the Supreme Court of the Republic of Indonesia. Now she sits as a member of the panel judge for the Special Criminal Cases, particularly on corruption cases. Before her serving at the Supreme Court, she was an Ad Hoc Judge of the Human Rights Court in the District Court of Central Jakarta, from 2001 to 2006. She is also Professor at Law, specialized on criminal law from one of the prominent law school in Indonesia, University of Padjajaran, Bandung. She graduated from faculty of law in 1967.

    Horst Schoenbohm: fourth input
    The honorable Judge Horst Schoenbohm, German judge since 1973, has been working the last 30 years on anticorruption and justice from different angles joining the judiciary, foundations as well as the development cooperation. He focuses on Latin-America and assisted the Bolivian and Peruvian judiciary in their fight against corruption for many years p.e. together with Transparency International and Peter Eigen he supported the Konrad Adenauer Foundation in planning a regional programme against corruption. Different publication on anticorruption followed.

    Judge Besarion Alavidze: fifth input
    The honorable Judge Alavidze studied law and psychology at the Tbilisi State University. After working for some years in the Ministry of Interior he moved to the High Council of Justice, where he worked as head of legal department and was later appointed judge of administrative chamber in Tbilisi Court of Appeal.

    Prof. Dr. Rudolf Mellinghoff: commentator
    The honorable Judge Mellinghoff, Justice of the Federal Constitutional Court (Second Senate) since 2001 has been working in the judiciary since 1987. Prior to his appointment to the constitutional court, he has also served as judge in the Federal Finance Court of Germany from 1997 to 2001. Justice Mellinghoff serves also as Honorary professor at the Eberhard Karls University Tübingen and is president of the German section of the International Commission of Jurists and since 2010 member of the Judicial Integrity Group.

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